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Herbert Avraham Haggiag Pagani (25 April 1944 in Tripoli – 16 August 1988 in Palm Springs, California) was an Italian artist and musician.
He comes from a family of Libyan Jews who were Italianized by the Colonial Administration. He spent his childhood and adolescence between Italy, Germany and France. This nonstop wandering about different cultures drove him to seek out a personal language that enabled him to do without words, and at the same time to communicate with all, and he found drawing.
In 1964, Pagani at the age of twenty was introduced to the public and the Press at the Pierre Picard Gallery in Cannes, where he exhibited his Indian-ink drawings and engravings. Among his first Italian buyers were Giorgio Soavi for the Olivetti Collection, Federico Fellini and Bernardo Zapponi. Under the heading : “A twenty-year-old visionary”, the French poet Jean Rousselot presented Pagani to a wider public from the pages of Planete. Shortly afterwards, he began to draw for that famous review edited by Jacques Bergier and Louis Pauwels, becoming one of the youngest exponents of the Realisme fantastique movement.
In 1965 Pagani illustrated Fantarca by Giuseppe Berto for Rizzoli, and Brave New World by Aldous Huxley for the Club des Amis du Livre.La bonne franquette karaoke instrumental
The boat veers: “Engraving on stone, or vinyl, is the same thing. It is more important to establish one’ s mental and emotional territory with all available means”. Pagani, heir to an age-old history, but feeling rootless, decided to create his own homeland in the materials on which he would leave his mark. He was less interested in a single technique than in investigating the correlation among all the techniques he was to try out. He slipped from drawing to the word, written and then sung, from radio entertainment to creative publicity, from stage-designing to filming: and he realized that “all disciplines of communications are intercommunicating.
His first Italian album was released in 1967. In 1969, the day after the coup d’état, the Libyan police broke into the family’s house in Tripoli. A hundred and fifty canvases and drawings were destroyed. His first French album was released in 1970. Pagani designed the covers of his records, and the stage designs of his shows.
In 1971, Pagani’s first one-man show opened at the Théâtre de la Ville in Paris, with Concerto d’ Italie: he performed within his drawings, solarized and projected on a huge screen by Laser Graphics Group. This was the first Diaporama staged in Europe. Several other shows were to follow, each one enhanced by new visual techniques.La bonne franquette karaoke instrumental
Using documentaries made available by the Italian Television Corporation, one of them bearing the name of the historian Indro Montanelli, Pagani produced and directed a 27-minute movie-pamphlet in 1973 entitled Venise, amore mio which Unesco defined as “the best vehicle of information on the dangers besetting Venice and its lagoon”. French Television broadcast it twice, on Antenne 2.
In 1975, MEGALOPOLIS a total-opera, went on stage. The opera is based on Medioevo Prossimo Venturo (The near future middleages) by Roberto Vacca. In order to represent the congestion and collapse of the Energy Systems as described by this Italian futurologist, Pagani proceeded to clone on thousands of images of our civilization using the first two Rank Xerox colour duplicators installed in France and in Italy. These “xerographies” assembled on large plates were photographed, projected and animated in Multimage shows on giant screens. Megalopolis, selected by the French Ministry of Culture for the re-opening of Palais de Chaillot at the Trocadero was then invited to the Festival of the Two Worlds in Spoleto, in 1976. Megalopolis the album also obtained a large success in France from the public and the critics. It received the Grand Prize of Academy Charles Cros the same year.La bonne franquette karaoke instrumental
The success obtained by this show warranted a vacation. Pagani spent it travelling into pure abstraction thanks to the video-synthetizers devised by the French electronics engineer Marcel Dupouy.
In 1978, thanks to the consistent use of these many different techniques, Pagani became an expert on communications, and a creative consultant of important brands such as Philip Morris.
For all that, in all these years, Pagani never neglected paper, pencils, paints and brushes, joined by scrap wood, plastic waste, and other artifacts of the Disposable Society gleaned from beaches and in dumps across Europe. He used them to make sculptures that have been seen in Exhibitions in Milan, Ferrara and Paris.
Herbert Pagani died of leukaemia, aged 44.
Pop music is a genre of popular music that originated in its modern form in the Western world during the 1950s and 1960s[not verified in body] as a softer alternative to rock and roll. The terms “popular music” and “pop music” are often used interchangeably, although the former describes all music that is popular and includes many styles. “Pop” and “rock” were synonymous terms until the late 1960s, when they were increasingly used in opposition from each other.La bonne franquette karaoke instrumental
Although pop music is seen as just the singles charts, it is not the sum of all chart music. Pop music is eclectic, and often borrows elements from other styles such as urban, dance, rock, Latin, and country; nonetheless, there are core elements that define pop music. Identifying factors include generally short to medium-length songs written in a basic format (often the verse-chorus structure), as well as the common use of repeated choruses, melodic tunes, and hooks.
David Hatch and Stephen Millward define pop music as “a body of music which is distinguishable from popular, jazz, and folk musics”.According to Pete Seeger, pop music is “professional music which draws upon both folk music and fine arts music”. Although pop music is seen as just the singles charts, it is not the sum of all chart music. The music charts contain songs from a variety of sources, including classical, jazz, rock, and novelty songs. Pop music, as a genre, is seen as existing and developing separately. Thus “pop music” may be used to describe a distinct genre, aimed at a youth market, often characterized as a softer alternative to rock and roll. Musicologist Allan Moore surmises that the term “pop music” itself may have originated from Pop art. Additionally, it’s important to note that pop music is always evolving, which means that the definition of pop music can change, too. It’s also important to be cognizant of the distinction between pop music and popular music. According to The New Grove Dictionary Of Music and Musicians, popular music is defined as “the music since industrialization in the 1800’s that is most in line with the tastes and interests of the urban middle class.” La bonne franquette karaoke instrumental
The Oxford Dictionary of Music states that the term “pop” refers to music performed by such artists as the Rolling Stones (pictured here in a 2006 performance)
The term “pop song” was first recorded as being used in 1926, in the sense of a piece of music “having popular appeal”.However,[editorializing] the term was in mainstream use[not in citation given] at least ten years earlier. Hatch and Millward indicate that many events in the history of recording in the 1920s can be seen as the birth of the modern pop music industry, including in country, blues and hillbilly music.
According to the website of The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, called Grove Music Online, the term “pop music” “originated in Britain in the mid-1950s as a description for rock and roll and the new youth music styles that it influenced”. The Oxford Dictionary of Music states that while pop’s “earlier meaning meant concerts appealing to a wide audience … since the late 1950s, however, pop has had the special meaning of non-classical mus[ic], usually in the form of songs, performed by such artists as the Beatles, the Rolling Stones, ABBA, etc”. Grove Music Online also states that “… in the early 1960s [the term] ‘pop music’ competed terminologically with beat music [in England], while in the USA its coverage overlapped (as it still does) with that of ‘rock and roll'”.La bonne franquette karaoke instrumental
From about 1967, the term was increasingly used in opposition to the term rock music, a division that gave generic significance to both terms.Whereas rock aspired to authenticity and an expansion of the possibilities of popular music, pop was more commercial, ephemeral and accessible. According to British musicologist Simon Frith, pop music is produced “as a matter of enterprise not art”, is “designed to appeal to everyone” and “doesn’t come from any particular place or mark off any particular taste”. It is “not driven by any significant ambition except profit and commercial reward … and, in musical terms, it is essentially conservative”. It is, “provided from on high (by record companies, radio programmers, and concert promoters) rather than being made from below … Pop is not a do-it-yourself music but is professionally produced and packaged”.
, “You’ve Lost That Lovin’ Feelin'” ranks as the most frequently played song in US radio history, described by music writers Nick Logan and Bob Woffinden as “the ultimate pop record”.
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According to Frith, characteristics of pop music include an aim of appealing to a general audience, rather than to a particular sub-culture or ideology, and an emphasis on craftsmanship rather than formal “artistic” qualities. Music scholar Timothy Warner said it typically has an emphasis on recording, production, and technology, rather than live performance; a tendency to reflect existing trends rather than progressive developments; and aims to encourage dancing or uses dance-oriented rhythms.
The main medium of pop music is the song, often between two and a half and three and a half minutes in length, generally marked by a consistent and noticeable rhythmic element, a mainstream style and a simple traditional structure. Common variants include the verse-chorus form and the thirty-two-bar form, with a focus on melodies and catchy hooks, and a chorus that contrasts melodically, rhythmically and harmonically with the verse. The beat and the melodies tend to be simple, with limited harmonic accompaniment. The lyrics of modern pop songs typically focus on simple themes – often love and romantic relationships – although there are notable exceptions.La bonne franquette karaoke instrumental
Harmony and chord progressions in pop music are often “that of classical European tonality, only more simple-minded.” Clichés include the barbershop quartet-style harmony (i.e. ii – V – I) and blues scale-influenced harmony. There was a lessening of the influence of traditional views of the circle of fifths between the mid-1950s and the late 1970s, including less predominance for the dominant function.
Throughout its development, pop music has absorbed influences from most other genres of popular music. Early pop music drew on the sentimental ballad for its form, gained its use of vocal harmonies from gospel and soul music, instrumentation from jazz, country, and rock music, orchestration from classical music, tempo from dance music, backing from electronic music, rhythmic elements from hip-hop music, and has recently[when?] appropriated spoken passages from rap. According to Robert Christgau in 2014, pop music worldwide is permeated by electronic dance music.La bonne franquette karaoke instrumental
A Scientific Reports study that examined over 464,000 recordings of popular music recorded between 1955 and 2010 found less variety in pitch progressions, growing average loudness levels, less diverse instrumentation and recording techniques, and less timbral variety, which declined after reaching a peak in the 1960s. Scientific American’s John Matson reported that this “seems to support the popular anecdotal observation that pop music of yore was better, or at least more varied, than today’s top-40 stuff.”
Left, Michael Jackson in 1984; right, Madonna in 2008
In the 1940s improved microphone design allowed a more intimate singing style and ten or twenty years later inexpensive and more durable 45 r.p.m. records for singles “revolutionized the manner in which pop has been disseminated” and helped to move pop music to ‘a record/radio/film star system’. Another technological change was the widespread availability of television in the 1950s; with televised performances, “pop stars had to have a visual presence”.In the 1960s, the introduction of inexpensive, portable transistor radios meant that teenagers could listen to music outside of the home.Multi-track recording (from the 1960s); and digital sampling (from the 1980s) have also been utilized as methods for the creation and elaboration of pop music. By the early 1980s, the promotion of pop music had been greatly affected by the rise of music television channels like MTV, which “favoured those artists such as Michael Jackson and Madonna who had a strong visual appeal”.
The latter half of the 20th-century included a large-scale trend in American culture in which the boundaries between art and pop music were increasingly blurred. Between 1950 and 1970, there was a debate of pop versus art. Since then, certain music publications have embraced its legitimacy. According to Popmatters’ Robert Loss: “There’s a strong argument for the ‘rockist’ mode in music criticism—that it exists, and that it’s harmful—and poptimism has positioned itself as a corrective, an antidote. … In general the Old Guard of rock critics and journalists is depicted as a bunch of bricklayers for the foundations of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. True in part, which is to say, false. Like film studies, rock criticism of the late ‘60s and the ‘70s was an attempt to make popular music worthy of study; it was poptimism before its day.”
The story of pop music is largely the story of the intertwining pop culture of the United States and the United Kingdom in the postwar era.La bonne franquette karaoke instrumental
Pop music has been dominated by the American and (from the mid-1960s) British music industries, whose influence has made pop music something of an international monoculture, but most regions and countries have their own form of pop music, sometimes producing local versions of wider trends, and lending them local characteristics. Some of these trends (for example Europop) have had a significant impact of the development of the genre.
According to Grove Music Online, “Western-derived pop styles, whether coexisting with or marginalizing distinctively local genres, have spread throughout the world and have come to constitute stylistic common denominators in global commercial music cultures”. Some non-Western countries, such as Japan, have developed a thriving pop music industry, most of which is devoted to Western-style pop, has for several years produced a greater quantity of music of everywhere except the USA. The spread of Western-style pop music has been interpreted variously as representing processes of Americanization, homogenization, modernization, creative appropriation, cultural imperialism, and/or a more general process of